Coax dead, HF down…

I was looking forward to chasing down the 13 Colonies again this year. I managed a sweep in 2015 and never sent off the QSL card, so I hoped to remedy that this year. It was late by the time I made it into the shack, I turned on the rig and tuned around. There were no signals to be found anyway. The panadapter showed no activity. The bands were utterly silent. Even for this low point in the solar cycle, that seemed unusual.

I unscrewed the coax from the back of the radio and jiggled it around a bit. That seemed to help and suddenly the bands were loud and I could hear some faint signals. So the coax jumper has gone bad. I’ll replace it. A few moments later, I had the same problem: very low noise and no activity on the bands.

At this point I figured maybe the antenna port on the back of the K3 was bad. I switched to the second port and had the same poor result. Time to hook up another radio. I connected the FT-817 and nothing, zip, zilch. Again, unscrewing the connector and jiggling it a bit seemed to help. At this point I realized I was simply shorting the coax and the cable itself was functioning as a rudimentary antenna. There must be a problem either in my dipole or the 150-foot run of coax leading to it.

At it was nearly 10 p.m. by now, there was very little I could do, so I turned everything off.

Saturday morning. I took the 817 outside, unplugged the external feed line from the window jumper and connected it to the 817. No signals. In inspecting the outdoor coax, I found several patches where the outer jacket of the RG8X had been chipped (chewed?) away and the braided shield was exposed and damaged. This could have certainly allowed water in. As I removed the coax, I came to a corner where it was really beat up and nearly severed in half. Even if the water didn’t get in there, the damage in this particular spot was enough to wreck the whole system.

I lowered the dipole, disconnected the RG8X and tossed it in the trash.

So now I had a long holiday weekend and no antenna… but wait, I DO own a Buddistick. That will have to do.

Saturday afternoon I deployed it on a mast in my front yard and ran a 50-foot run of coax back to the shack. I was able to tune it using the FT-817, to a fairly lower SWR in the voice portion of 40 meters.

Ugh, the noise! I had no luck on SSB so I switched to CW and despite a high SWR in the CW portion of 40, the K3’s tuner provided a match. (I should have gone out and re-tuned, but good lord it was hot outside Saturday…) I turned my power back a bit and let ‘er rip. I managed to get every 13 Colonies station I could hear in the log and also grabbed some on 20 meters later for good measure.

I worked a few more Sunday, including one of the bonus stations, WM3PEN on CW. In total I only managed 7 of the 13, three of those were SSB and the other four were CW. Pretty pathetic, but I did what I could with the vertical. I didn’t manage to get my own state, South Carolina, or our neighbor Georgia.

I did snag:

  • Maryland
  • Delaware
  • New York (CW, two bands)
  • New Jersey (two modes)
  • Pennsylvania

Talk about coming up short.

Anyway, this is a good time for me to change my setup at home a bit. I’ve wanted a different antenna for some time now, even though the OCF dipole was doing a great job and it probably is the best antenna for my situation. My wife has told me I can “put anything on the roof” that I want, so I’m considering a hex beam, HOA be damned. That will be several months down the road though.

Looks like only temporary antennas for the time being.

Hands-on with the new Elecraft KX2


This lucky guy scored a KX2 in Dayton.

I had a chance to play around with the Elecraft KX2 on Saturday. While I wasn’t able to do a thorough test, I was certainly able to form some impressions of this little radio.

I know some of the guys in the Dutch Fork Amateur Radio Group (our clubs have been collaborating more in recent months), and one of them, knowing I have a K3, invited me to an unveiling of the KX2. After meeting with a group of members for lunch Saturday we made our way over to the DFARG club shack in Little Mountain and all gathered round while one of their members conducted a show-and-tell of Elecraft’s newest offering.

According to the member who owns the radio, he was second in line to purchase it at Dayton the previous week, and attributed his luck obtaining the radio by having a vendor pass that allowed him to get into Hara Arena earlier than most attendees.

The first impression, not surprisingly, concerns the size. We’ve seen the images and read the specs, but it certainly does seems smaller in person. Even with the “handles” this particular owner had already installed on the sides, it’s still a small rig. Saw an FT-817 in half longways and you’ll approximate the size and thickness of the radio. It’s also very light, maybe slightly heavier than my Tytera DMR handheld.


One of the DFARG members holds the KX2 as we all swoon at the small size.

We placed it next to a KX3 and indeed the KX3 feels quite a bit larger in comparison to the KX2. Interestingly, both radios share the same screen size and display cues, which is also the same display as the full-size K3. The advantages of the display are obvious, particularly when compared to an FT-817, which has a display about the size of a 42mm Apple Watch.

The information layout is the same as its older siblings, and anyone familiar with operating Elecraft gear will be able to pick up the KX2 and get on the air quickly. I still had to poke around a bit to find some of the more esoteric functions, but options such as power output, filter width, mode/band, were right where you’d expect them to be.


The KX3, top, and the KX2 side-by-side. Apologies for the glare!


The KX2 is dwarfed by the full-sized K3, but note the screen sizes are exactly the same.

I only managed to test the rig in single side band mode because we didn’t have a code key handy. In the confusion I didn’t try tuning around to listen to CW, but I have no doubt CW operation is a pleasure because SSB was excellent.

Edit: I have since played with this rig again and did manage to listen to some CW. It sounds EXCELLENT through the built-in speaker and the CW decoder is no doubt the same firmware used in the K3/KX3, so it functions quite well also. It’s quiet with the 500 hz filter in line, and receiving code is nice and punchy.

Members commented on how good the tiny bottom-mounted speaker sounded and it sounded good to my ear as well, even though I did hear some crackle and buzz. Another member mentioned it was an improvement over the KX3’s sound. I’d probably still want a good set of cans if I were using it, but for casual operating, particularly in a quiet room, it would be fine without.

The receiver seems sufficiently hot. We tuned around on 20 meters on the club’s tri-band beam and there seemed to be a lack of stations Saturday, but we did roll up on KX5AR conducting an NPOTA activation and scored a QSO on the first shot, having no issues conversing with the operator on our 10 watts of power. I managed to record the QSO in the below video.

The small size makes this a neat little radio for digital modes and it would tuck away nicely under a monitor on a desk or alongside a tablet or laptop for portable use. If I wanted to dramatically scale down my shack, I’d still select the KX3 and an amp, just for 6 meters and the additional control surface.

That does bring me to the one thing I didn’t really like about the rig, and that was the cheap-feeling VFO dial and secondary knobs. This isn’t an issue limited to the KX2, as even the K3 has some cheap knobs (the VFO B knob comes to mind…). Of course, this does save weight, but the rotation of the main VFO didn’t “feel” like that of a $700-1000 radio, if I’m being honest. Even the FT-817 has a smoother action. But again, considering functionality over aesthetics, I can live with the “plastic fantastic” knobs knowing the receiver is good.

Much has been made of this being a “handheld” rig, and I’d say that’s true. We didn’t test the internal microphone. The design is the typical Elecraft style: That of a utilitarian black box, and as such, it’s not particularly ergonomic. It’s larger than most modern handhelds, but yes, it can easily be used in this fashion if that’s what you’re into!

There isn’t really much else I can say. It’s an Elecraft, and a worthy offspring of the venerable K3. It just works very well and portable ops will love it. It functions just as you’d expect an Elecraft rig to, and maybe that’s the highest praise it can be given.

Speaking of portability, one of DFARG’s operators has figured out an easy way to mount a KX2 or a KX3 on a car dash. We’re calling this the “W1TEF solution” and it uses a $28 clamshell style GPS holder from ChargerCity. See the photos of this in action below.



I’m not sure the KX2 is going to replace my FT-817 at this point, as I don’t do enough portable operation to make it worth the while. But there’s no doubt Elecraft has made an intriguing little radio at an attractive price-point.



First NPOTA activation; creeping towards DXCC


Very possibly the dorkiest photo of me ever taken, but it does prove I was there…

Last Thursday I checked off my first activation for National Parks on the Air, operating from AA-10, the Revolutionary War Park in Camden, S.C.

Since I don’t have a mobile unit, I caught a ride with my good friend Ronnie, W4RWL, and he graciously allowed me to use his Kenwood 480. I started CQing on 20 meters and snagged a dozen or so stations out west, but band conditions weren’t great. Once 20m dried up, we moved to 40m and called again. The bands didn’t seem to be much better there, but I ended the effort with 52 QSOs in the log.

I probably would have kept going had we not been interrupted by a pair of guys who parked alongside of us, and seeing the large screwdriver antenna on Ronnie’s truck, wanted to see what we were doing. Turns out they were hams from the upstate and were familiar with NPOTA. By the time we finished talking with them, I’d lost the frequency. Eyeball QRM I reckon?

By the time I made it back home a half hour later, I already had an e-mail waiting for me from a ham in Florida, who mentioned that I couldn’t pick him up, and questioned whether we had the attenuator switched on.

Now, I’ve been known to make stupid radio mistakes before (like the time I had the K3 in test mode and CQed on RTTY for a half hour on field day and wondered why no one was responding…), but we definitely weren’t running with an ATT on, and in fact, we had the pre-amp in-line. Hehe, I was tempted to ask him if he was sure his rig wasn’t in low power mode, or if his antenna was tuned properly, but I politely apologized and told him I’d be hitting AA-10 again soon and would send him an e-mail.

He soon responded, saying he worked N4TAL at AA-10 a few weeks back and never received an LoTW confirmation. I had to laugh: N4TAL is my friend Ronnie’s XYL and she literally JUST set up her Logbook account.

I immediately uploaded my logs from AA-10 (Yes guys, I DID properly set the park location, and no, I don’t need any help setting that up…), and instantly confirmed nearly half the QSOs. People are really into NPOTA!

DXCC creep

5j0pI’ve worked well over a 100 DX entities at this point, in fact, I remember when I hit 100 — a CW contact with an operator in the Balearic Islands — but I’m trying to get DXCC using only Logbook of the World confirmations. I sat at 87 confirmed for a really long time. That number slowly crept to 90 as confirmations from very old contacts appeared and my K1N contacts also finally confirmed.

I decided to jump in the fray for an hour or so during the SSB DX contest a few weekends ago and I tacked on a few new ones, including Jamaica (how have I never worked this before?), and Cape Verde. So I’m up to 91 92 confirmations now (Cape Verde just QSLed, w00t!) and keeping a close eye on the cluster for the rare ones (who may also be LoTW users). In fact, I had a nice grab last week on 17 meter CW, 5J0P, from San Andres and Providencia.


First NPOTA station in the log

The National Parks on the Air initiative has been a non-starter for me for the past few weeks. Several of our club members have been activating two of the local NPOTA units and having a blast. I do intend to activate them myself at some point, but not having an HF mobile unit, I’m going to need to partner up with some other folks, and we just haven’t organized the effort yet.

I’ve been coming home from work the past few weeks and attempting to work some NPOTA stations as a chaser. I’m guessing a lot of these guys are operating QRP, or with some sort of compromised antenna, as I haven’t been successful in even hearing the activators — at least not well enough to manage a QSO.

I was at the radio this afternoon and noticed Sean, KX9X/1 on the cluster, operating from WR16 in Connecticut (Farmington National Wild and Scenic River National Wild and Scenic River). I tuned over and he had a very readable 55-56 signal. Naturally, there was a pile-up. After a few attempts I managed to get heard. I made the QSO just in the nick of time too, because KX9X QSYed not long after.

As I logged the contact, I realized there was something familiar about Sean’s callsign. Of course: KX9X is Sean Kutzko, who I’ve heard on the ham radio podcast, 100 Watts and a Wire. Sean is also the ARRL Media and Public Relations Manager, which I should have remembered, being that I’m the PIO for our club!

I tried to work a few more NPOTA stations on the cluster, but again, I couldn’t hear them. I really need a beam antenna! Nonetheless, it was nice to finally get on the NPOTA scoreboard.

My First SOTA Activation: Sassafras Mountain (W4C/US-001)


The overlook at Sassafrass Mountain affords a beautiful view to the west.

Cross one more item off my ham radio bucket list: Activating a peak for Summits on the Air.

When I was first seeking my license, I quickly discovered the cult that is SOTA. I believe it was Jerry, KD0BIK’s podcast that introduced me to the concept, but it could have also been many of the blogs I follow. Certainly, the famous videos posted on YouTube by Steve, WG0AT, probably played a role, as they are a ham radio resource that everyone seems to discover at some point. I was fascinated by the program and couldn’t wait to get started.

Not long after getting on HF, I purchased a Yaesu FT-817 and a Buddistick and started planning my first summit. Well, that was more than 3 years ago. Some while back I actually hiked from Rocky Bottom, to the 1,083 meter summit of Sassafras Mountain, the tallest peak in South Carolina, with the intention of operating, only to discover on the peak that I’d left my paracord home and couldn’t suspend the dipole I’d brought along.

I enjoyed a panel discussion on SOTA at a Charlotte Hamfest in 2013, and that was the day I realized I would need to make a serious effort to learn Morse code, as all the guys who presented operated strictly CW.

So now, some years later, this past Saturday, I finally found myself again standing on the peak of Sassafras Mountain with my 817, a dipole and a vertical antenna. This time around I was accompanied by fellow ham Steve, KI4VGA, who I’ve mentioned here before. We’re both nascent code operators trying to get better, and we both enjoy operating in the field.


There were once trees up here, but the peak has been deforested to make way for another overlook and trail amenities.

The once lush peak had been deforested since my last visit, so there were no trees of consequence to hang the dipole. The vertical was made for this, so I erected it and got down to business tuning the coil for 40 meters SSB.

I’d planned to use Rockwell’s SOTA Goat app on my phone to spot myself, but cellular reception was dicey to non-existent. I proceeded to call CQ on the phone portion to no avail. Many minutes of calling elapsed with no luck. I clicked up to 20 meters and tried again. Nothing.

Just for fun, I plugged in Steve’s Bencher key and called CQ SOTA. To my surprise, KX0R came back to me. I struggled mightily to copy his code though. He’s a big SOTA fan, so it wouldn’t surprise me if he were transmitting from a peak himself.


Yep, we’re going to use the Buddistick for this.

About that time my cell phone’s reception picked up and I was able to submit my spot to SOTAWatch, and noted “slow code PSE” in the comment field. Immediately, I had stations calling. It probably wasn’t a pile-up, but it sure felt like it. Between Steve and I, we were able to make out the callsigns of most of the stations. It took liberal use of the question mark to complete the calls, but most guys seemed patient. I was grateful for the 500hz CW filter too.

We had a nice opening to the west and logged Colorado, Arizona, Idaho, Missouri and more. I logged 13 QSOs back-to-back and went QRT. I was twitching with adrenaline and I realized I’d been in a trance-like state for the better part of 20 minutes. I tried 40m SSB once more, submitted a spot, and picked up a single Florida station. Perhaps it was the approaching storm, but the noise levels seemed high on 40, so I turned off the rig and began packing up, confident that we’d activated the four-point peak.

I’m amused at how I’ve come full-circle: I got serious with Morse code because of my interest in SOTA. Then, when all seemed lost on my first activation, using Morse code turned out to be the key to success.


Straight key, FT-817 and a paper log, a.k.a., “working with stone knives and bear skins.”

I realize now that I couldn’t have done this a few years ago; I needed the additional experience of several years to understand how to manage (if you want to call it that) several code callers, and how to stay cool, get the full callsign, exchange reports, and recover from huge mistakes. And well, I know I made a lot of mistakes. And it’s OK to screw up. After all, I’m sitting on a slab of granite, with a 5-watt radio, tapping out code on a straight key, on a fricking mountain!

Needless to say, I understand why people are addicted to SOTA and I’m looking forward to the next opportunity. South Carolina has very few peaks, but I’d enjoy hiking back up to Pinnacle, or Table Rock someday, maybe in the fall during cooler temperatures.

Two more ham radio bucket list items to go: Talking to astronauts on ISS and EME!

A “clean sweep” of the 13 Colonies


I guess a few years makes a difference. Back in 2012, as a complete ham radio newbie, I worked about 2-3 of these 13 Colonies stations. I think I worked a few more over the years, but never achieved the “clean sweep” — that is, working all of them during the five-day event.

I believe it was Wednesday night when I clicked on the rig and stumbled across the event. I grabbed nearly half the stations that night, and a handful the next night, including the bonus station, WM3PEN. Friday morning/afternoon I closed the gap down to two, and that evening I grabbed the rest. Overall a low-stress, fun event.

I’m fortunate that I can easily switch between digital modes, CW and voice, because all three modes came into play to knock out all the stations, particularly, the New York station, which never came in strong on phone, but was an easy grab on RTTY.

Here’s my final breakdown:

  • K2A – New York – 40M RTTY
  • K2B – Virginia – 40M SSB
  • K2C – Rhode Island – 40M SSB
  • K2D – Connecticut – 20M SSB
  • K2E – Delaware – 40M SSB
  • K2F – Maryland – 40M SSB
  • K2G – Georgia – 40M CW, 40M RTTY
  • K2H – Massachusetts – 20M PSK31, 20M SSB
  • K2I – New Jersey – 20M SSB
  • K2J – North Carolina – 40M SSB, 80M SSB
  • K2K – New Hampshire – 20M SSB
  • K2L – South Carolina – 40M SSB, 40M RTTY, 40M CW
  • K2M – Pennsylvania – 40M SSB
  • WM3PEN – Bonus station – 40M CW, 40M PSK31
  • 20 QSOs total

Just some quick soapbox comments: Two resources were helpful for locating the special event stations, the website, and the 13 Colonies spot page. While I didn’t hear a lot of rude behavior in the pile-ups, there was no shortage of snark on the spotting networks, particularly on DX Heat, where some operators used the service as a chatroom or sounding board for their frustrations. This seems to be happening a lot lately. There is really no excuse for anyone to use the cluster to comment on an operator’s abilities (e.g. “OP is deaf,” “NEW OP PSE,” “Turn the beam,” etc.), or to rant and rave about pile-ups, or to make requests (e.g. “Why no CW????”).

An effort like the 13 Colonies is stressful enough for the operators without stuff like this. I think all the stations I worked did an excellent job in some very busy, very noisy conditions.

DX in the nick of time

I typically try to get on the radio by about 5:30 in the afternoon right after work, make a few contacts, and be out the door on my daily 4-mile walk by 7 p.m., at least in the summer months, when daylight is plentiful.

I was on the rig Friday and couldn’t locate any particularly interesting stations out in the aether. I heard someone on 10 meters blasting away in a foreign accent, but by the time I had them tuned in, they had disappeared and didn’t return. 12 meters was similarly dead and 15 had some action, but nothing worth chasing.

I clicked through 17 and up to the usual watering holes on 20 meters and encountered HB90IARU out of Switzerland with a 59 signal. I believe I’ve worked Switzerland before, but never received a confirmation, so I tossed my call out a few times, got picked up on the second shot and went on my merry way.

Back down on 17 meters, the only station of interest was a fading station out of Kuwait, Ali, 9K2WA. I’ve worked a station in Kuwait before, but didn’t have a QSL for him, so I was keen on grabbing 9K2WA, a Logbook of the World user.

Ali’s signal grew somewhat stronger, a 57 at least, but still rather grainy. I listened for perhaps 10 minutes, waiting for an opening to toss out my callsign. He wasn’t calling QRZ between stations, and I couldn’t hear any of the guys he was talking to owing to propagation skip, so I had to assume they were tail-ending his QSOs.

I glanced down at the clock and realized it was about 6:57. I only had a few more moments to play before hitting the asphalt for the evening walk. Ali announced that conditions were fading, so he was only going to take a few more stations. I needed to make a move, so I tossed my call out once.

His response: “The station ending in sierra-delta?”

Got him. He gave me a 55 report and I sent 57. After we exchanged 73, he announced he was going off-air and the frequency fell silent.

The time was now 6:59 and I headed for the door to walk in the heat with a minute to spare!

Another new one and a couple easy ones

A recent life change has enabled me to get home from work much earlier than in recent years, so I’ve been enjoying that great time between 5 and 7 p.m. when the bands aren’t jammed up and the grayline propagation is fine business.

I added another new DX entity yesterday with J79RZ, a station operating from the island of Dominica in the Lesser Antilles. I heard him on 15 meters with a booming signal and from the J in his callsign and accent I thought I was hearing a station from Japan. The QRZ lookup showed he indeed was from Japan, but operating from Dominica. I was able to get him in the log on the second try despite a growing pile-up.

I tuned around in the CW portion of 17 meters and encountered a very weak station from Azerbaijan — the first time I’ve heard that particular country on the air. While his signal occasionally popped up to S3 or so, it was fluttery and difficult to copy. He was CQing with no takers, but my efforts to make a contact were unsuccessful. Perhaps next time.

For a couple easy grabs I picked up R120K on 17 meters CW, and P40FY out of Aruba on 20 meters CW, both with huge signals.

Looking towards the weekend, I see the European PSK Club is hosting a contest. Not sure what level of activity this one gets, but it might be worth checking out for grabbing some DXCC confirmations.

Had fun in the CQ WPX RTTY contest

I operated in the CQ WPX RTTY contest this weekend over a 5-hour period that included Friday night, Saturday morning and evening, and a portion of Sunday afternoon. All in all, I logged 120+ QSOs during casual operating and, more importantly, added a few new DX entities to my log, including Luxembourg and Namibia.

The bands seemed to be in good shape, despite a relatively low SFI and reports of “poor” propagation on 10 meters, I still managed to make more contacts on that band Sunday that I ever have. I was getting into South America quite well, but also into Europe and the western US.

As usual, 40 meters proved to be money, with DX contacts in the evening much farther than I am used to on that band. Saturday was a playground on 20 meters, and while 15 meters was packed with signals, I didn’t score but a single QSO on the band because of an RFI issue that causes problems with our home theater and other devices.

I don’t recall having any issues or real problems completing a QSO, even at the longest distances. Decodes were all clean for the most part and I think I only had to resend a serial number maybe twice. I owe that more to the contest-grade antenna systems many ops were using. With the audio turned off on the rig and just using software and the panadapter, making contacts was more like text messaging over IP than actual radio. It was just that smooth. My only glitch was an oversight on my part, as I loaded the wrong contest template into N1MM. I caught the issue after two QSOs and was off and flying.

Overall, great contest to participate in, and after this weekend, I’m getting very close to being eligible for the WPX mixed award.

Time to put the microphone away

Big pile-up on 40 meters for EP6T.

I’ve only been an amateur radio guy since 2011, and only started HF operation in early 2012, so I don’t have a lot of perspective on the hobby. However, I can break up my time on HF into three distinct epochs.

2012: Hitting HF and responding to every CQ I heard, many of these contacts were DX stations on 20 meters. DX was all I really cared about. Almost 100% single sideband operation.

2013: Still on HF, but losing interest in SSB and to a lesser extent, DX. Spent more time on digital modes and working on WAS. Began operating in CW.

2014: Mostly all digital/CW, focused on completing the WAS Triple Play. Barely any DX, only occasional SSB, mostly stateside and locally.

So now, 2015. I’m trying to get back into DX so I can officially get the DXCC wallpaper. Digital modes don’t thrill me any more; my CW is awful right now. For some reason I’m in the mood for SSB. But sometime between 2012 and now, DXing on SSB has taken a turn. I haven’t been able to make a single SSB QSO outside of the US as of late. Sure, it could be my antenna or another issue, but CW seems to still work just fine.

It’s the pile-ups. Basically, I don’t have the patience for them anymore. If I can’t get my QSO completed in 30 minutes, then I move on to something else. If it were just a matter of waiting for my turn, or rugged tenacity, it would be one thing, but honestly, the SSB DX/pile-up experience is just so unpleasant now. Jammers, rude behavior, people who don’t understand split, people who repeatedly toss their call out over and over and over (these guys drive me insane, especially when they start turning around the pile-up with their voice keyer on repeat), whistlers, yodelers, screamers, people who start sending CW over callers, and the list goes on.

This is nothing new, but it just seems so much worse than I remember it.

Jeff, KE9V, explains it much more eloquently than I can. I’ve been listening with amusement at some of the piles for EP6T the last few nights, and I don’t want any part of it. I don’t want to sound like I’m hemming and hawing because I’m bitter over not getting Iran in the log. I’m not — in fact, I can’t even hear EP6T. I’m just saying, that it’s not fun for ME anymore. Fortunately, the hobby offers other avenues for making contacts, hence I’ll be brushing up on my CW and pulling out the digital interface again.